Bariatric Surgery is also known as weight loss surgery. It is performed on people who suffer from obesity. Obesity is a serious medical condition and has adverse health effect on the body. Diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension (high blood pressure), obstructive sleep apnea are some of the medical issues in patients suffering from obesity.
When Bariatric Surgery is indicated?
Surgery is indicated:
- In patients with BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater. BMI is an approximate measure of a person’s body fat based on height and weight.
- In patients suffering with obesity-related medical conditions. Eg: Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, etc
Types of Bariatric Surgery
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
In Sleeve Gastrectomy, the stomach is reduced to about 15% of the original size of the stomach. This reduced food intake. The portion of the stomach which secretes the “hunger hormone ” or Ghrelin is the part which is removed.
Gastric Bypass – Roux-en-Y
In Gastric Bypass or Roux-en-Y, the stomach is divided into two. A small upper pouch and a large lower pouch. The small intestine is then reattached to the upper pouch. Thus a bypass for food is created. This results in absorption of less calories and nutrients.
Intragastric Balloon – Non-surgical Weight Loss Procedure
This is a non-surgical weight loss procedure. A deflated balloon is placed into the stomach using an endoscope orally. The balloon is then inflated. This reduces the space in the stomach. Thus due to the presence of the inflated balloon in the stomach, food intake is restricted. The balloon is left in the stomach for a period of up to 6 months. This procedure is mostly advised in people who come into the category of overweight, but not obese.
Doctors performing this surgery
Dr. R. Padmakumar
MBBS, DNB, MNAMS, DipALS, FAIS, FIMSA, FCLS, FRCS (GL)
Senior Consultant Laparoscopic and Metabolic Surgeon
(Specialist in Laparoscopy, Hernia, Cancer, Obesity, Diabetes Surgery, Endoscopic Thyroid Surgery, Thoracoscopy, Intragastric Balloon)
Dr. Madhukar Pai
Consultant- General & Laparoscopic Surgeon
(Specialist in Laparoscopic surgery, Hernia Surgery, Anorectal & Varicose vein Surgery)